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Table 1 Species of mushrooms, vouchers, uses, and traditional names recognized by the Wixaritari and mestizos

From: Traditional knowledge, uses, and perceptions of mushrooms among the Wixaritari and mestizos of Villa Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico

Species    Traditional name
Specimensa Local use Wixarika Mestizo
Agaricus campestris 234 Edible Pɨsɨ, Pixɨxɨitsi Hongos de tierra, Sombrillita
Amanita basii 291 Edible Yekwá Hongo real, Hongo de la sierra
Amanita laurae 258 Edible Yekwá Hongo real, Hongo de la sierra
Amanita muscaria 283 Toxic Yekwá ‘itaikarieya, Yekwá kutsiyari
Amanita sect. Vaginata 14, 297 Edible Huukú yekwá
Armillaria mellea group 391 Edible Aruxi
Bolbitius spp. 81 Toxic Pasojito de burro
Rubroboletus dupainii 357 Edible Nema xure
Boletus edulis group 265 Toxic Nema ‘itaikarieya, Nema kutsiyari
  133 Edible Maxa nema
Calvatia cyathiformis 229 Edible Temole, Tɨxi Bolitas de llano
Calvatia sp. 232 Edible Tapunaxe, Temole, Tɨxi Chapeteadas,
Bolitas rojas
Cantharellus cibarius 23 Edible Tuutuxi Flores
Ganoderma oerstedii 390 Medicinal/ Edible Tuaxá naká Oreja de pino
Gymnopus sp. 257 Edible Wakanari
Hypomyces lactifluorum 354 Edible Nakare
Lactarius aff. waltersii 360 Toxic Tsurakaixi ‘itaikarieya, Tsurakaixi kutsiyari
Lactarius indigo 167, 348 Without use Tsurakaixi ‘aikutsi
Lentinus levis 256 Edible Huukú naká
Lyophyllum spp. 25 Edible Atsi xɨté-xi
Marasmius oreades 241 Edible Wakanari Corralitos
Panaeolus antillarum 242 Toxic Yekwá yɨyɨwi Pasojo de burro
Pleurotus opuntiae 104 Edible Naká nakari Oreja de nopal
Psilocybe cubensis 240 Toxic Yekwá yɨyɨwi Pasojito, Hongo de raja
Pycnoporus sanguineus 116 Medicinal Naká mɨxuxure
Ramaria sect. Botrytis 7, 140 Toxic ‘Ixuriki ‘itaikarieya, ‘Ixuriki kutsiyari
Ramaria fennica 12 Without use ‘Ixuriki kuamoyé
Ramaria sp. 1 138 Edible Ixuriki
Ramaria sp. 2 141 Without use ‘Iwi ‘ixuriki
Ramaria sp. 3 142 Without use ‘Ixurikiri mɨtataxawi
Russula spp. 232 Edible Tsurakaixi
Schizophyllum commune 107 Toxic Naká ‘itaikarieya, Naká kutsiyari
Suillus spp. 275 Toxic Nema ‘itaikarieya, Nema kutsiyari
Ustilago maydis 113 Edible Ki’au Cuervos, Cuitlacoche, Huilancoches, Pitacoche
Volvariella bombycina 244 Edible ‘Utuxa yekwá Hongo de ochote
  1. aCollector M. Haro-Luna