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Table 1 DNA Barcoding markers proposed for fungi, their recommended nomenclature and selected examples (see also Stielow et al. 2015; Xu 2016)

From: Unambiguous identification of fungi: where do we stand and how accurate and precise is fungal DNA barcoding?

DNA barcoding marker Acronym Examples References
Internal transcribed spacer ITS universal, Agaricus, Auricularia, Cora, Fomitopsis, Rhizoplaca, Sticta Schoch et al. 2012; Leavitt et al. 2013; Lücking et al. 2014, 2017; Moncada et al. 2014, 2020; Irinyi et al. 2016; Badotti et al. 2017
Intergenic spacer IGS Schizophyllum James et al. 2001
β-tubulin II TUB2 Amanita, Aspergillus, Pseudopestalotiopsis Geml et al. 2006; Geiser et al. 2007; Maharachchikumbura et al. 2012, 2014; Fidler et al. 2017
DNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit A RPB1 Inocybe Matheny 2005
DNA-directed RNA polymerase II subunit B RPB2 universal, Sordariomycetes, Cladonia, Inocybe Matheny 2005; Pino-Bodas et al. 2013; Větrovský et al. 2016; Luo et al. 2019
Translation elongation factor 1 alpha TEF1 universal, Sordariomycetes, Cantharellus, Fusarium, Trichoderma, Mycetozoa Buyck and Hofstetter 2011; O'Donnell et al. 2015; Stielow et al. 2015; Schnittler et al. 2017; Luo et al. 2019
hypothetical protein LNS2 Pucciniomycota Stielow et al. 2015
Phosphoglycerate kinase PGK Fusarium, Penicillium Al-Hatmi et al. 2016; Stielow et al. 2015
DNA topoisomerase I TOP1 Pucciniomycota, Fusarium, Penicillium Al-Hatmi et al. 2016; Stielow et al. 2015
Cytochrome c oxidase subunit I COX1 Cladonia, Oomycota, Mycetozoa Pino-Bodas et al. 2013; Choi et al. 2015; Schnittler et al. 2017
Cytochrome c oxidase subunit II COX2 Oomycota Choi et al. 2015