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Table 2 Morphological comparison of Emericellopsis spp.

From: Genomic characterization of three marine fungi, including Emericellopsis atlantica sp. nov. with signatures of a generalist lifestyle and marine biomass degradation

Species Colonies Growth rate (mm/d) Conidiogenous cells/Conidiophores Conidial shape and size References
E. atlantica sp. nov. On PDA reaching 74 mm at 14 d; on OA reaching 56 mm at 14 d; on MEA reaching 58 mm at 14 d, 4.0–5.3 24.5–50(− 64) × 1.5–2.5 μm obovoid or ellipsoidal with truncate base, 3–6(− 9) × 2–2.5 μm, with 1–2 irregular shaped guttules This study
E. alkalina On MEA (PH = 6.5) growing slower, reaching 32–38 mm diam in 10 d. 3.2–3.8 20–35 × 1.5–1.8 μm, sometimes lateral branches form narrowly ellipsoidal, 3.5–6 × 1.8–2.2 μm Grum-Grzhimaylo et al. (2013)
E. cladophorae On OA reaching 36 mm in 21 d 1.7 21.0 ± 5.0 × 2.0 ± 0.5 μm, sometimes lateral branches form circular to oblong-ellipsoidal, 5.5 ± 2.5 × 3.5 ± 1.5 μm Gonçalves et al. (2020)
E. donezkii On PDA reaching 30 mm in 9 d 3.3 (20–) 30–45 (−80) × 1.5–2 μm ovoid-cylindical, ellipsoidal or sometimes inaequilateral subincurved, (2.5–) 4–5.2 (− 6.5) × 2–2.5 μm Belyakova (1974)
E. enteromorphae On OA reaching 42 mm in 21 d 2 19.0 ± 7.5 × 1.5 ± 0.5 μm, mostly simple orthotropic cylindrical to narrowly ellipsoidal, 4.5 ± 1.0 × 2.0 ± 0.5 μm Gonçalves et al. (2020)
E. humicola 20–45 × 1.5–2.5 μm, producing a succession of phiaIospores ellipsoidal, 5–8 (− 10) × 2.0–3.5 μm Cain (1956); Grosklags and Swift (1957)
E. koreana On PDA reaching 15.5 mm in 7 d; on OA reaching 17 mm in 7 d; on MEA reaching 27.5 mm in 7 d 2.2–3.9 (15.5–)31.5–40(− 59) × 2(− 2.5) μm ellipsoidal or oblong-ellipsoidal, 3–4(− 5) × 1.5–2(− 2.5) μm Phookamsak et al. (2019)
E. maritima On OA and MEA reaching 35–40 mm after 9–10 d. 3.5–4.5 (17–)20–26(−29) × 1–2 μm ellipsoidal-piriform, 6.5–8.0(− 9.0) × (2.0–)2.5–3.3(− 4.0) μm Belyakova (1970)
E. microspora On Czapek Dox agar, reaching 40 mm after 14 d 2.9 25–60 × 2–3 μm (up to 95 μm long), mostly unbranched, usually septate near the base ovoid to ellipsoidal, 3.0–10.0 × 1.5–4.0 μm Backus and Orpurt (1961)
E. minima On OA reaching 30 mm in 7 d 4.3 20–30 × 2–2.5 μm ellipsoidal, 4–10 × 2–3.5 μm Stolk (1955)
E. mirabilis 30–50 × 3 μm oblong-ellipsoidal, or of cylindrical one-guttulate, 6–11 × 2.5–3 μm, usually 8 × 3 μm Malan (1952); Stolk 1955
E. pallida On OA reaching 35 mm in 9 d 3.9 25–45 × 1.5–2 μm ovoid to ovoid-cylindrical, (3.2–) 4–5.2 (− 7.8) × 1.5–2.5 (− 3.3) μm Belyakova (1974)
E. persica On MEA growing slower, reaching 17–18 mm diam in 7 d 1.9–2.0 30–40 × 2–2.5 μm narrowly ellipsoidal, 4.5–6.5 × 2 μm, adhering in slimy heads Hyde et al. (2016)
E. phycophila On OA reaching 36 mm in diam in 21 d 1.7 21.0 ± 5.0 × 2.0 ± 0.5 μm, lateral branches form circular to oblong-ellipsoidal, mean ± SD = 5.5 ± 2.5 × 3.5 ± 1.5 μm Gonçalves et al. (2020)
E. pusilla 33–79 × 1.5–2.5 μm, conidiophores developing as lateral branches on subaerial hyphae, long, erect, slender, spirally produced oblong, ovoid to obpyriform, 4.5–10.5 × 2.25–4.5 μm Mathur and Thirumalachar (1962)
E. robusta Colonies 18–20 mm diam in 10 d 1.8–2.0 20–65 × 2.5–5.0 μm, phialides simple or with whorled branching, with a short apical wall thickening cylindrical, slightly truncated at the base, 13–17.5 × 3.8–4.5 μm, L / W 3.5–3.9 Gams (1971)
E. salmosynnemata 14.0–38 × 0.75–1.5 μm, conidiophores arising along entire length of synnemata, septate only at base, unbranched ellipsoidal or ovoid, 3.4–6.4 × 2.3–3.4 μm Grosklags and Swift (1957)
E. sphaerospora On OA agar reaching 55–60 mm in 2 wk 3.9–4.3 16–32 × 2–3 um, simple, discrete, awl-shaped, with no distinct coliarette ellipsoidal to cylindrical or allantoid, 3–8 × 1.5–3 um, aggregating in slimy heads Udagawa and Furuya (1988)
E. stolkiae On CMA agar reaching 40–44 mm in 14 d 2.9–3.1 18–40 × 3–3 μm, mostly unbranched, rarely forked ovoid, 3.5–8.4 × 2.2–5 μm, most often 4.3–5.7 × 3.3–3.8 μm Davidson and Christensen (1971)
E. synnematicola conidiophores arising from synnemata, 2–3 mm long ovoid-ellipsoidal, 3.5–6.5 × 2–3 μm Mathur and Thirumalachar (1960)
E. synnematicola var. mangus Reaching 40 mm in 15 d 2.7 synnemata erect, distributed uniformly in the colony, up to 4 mm high, cream-coloured, bearing prominent slimy conidial heads; conidiophores simple or branched globose to subglobose, 2.5–7.5 μm Leelavathy (1966)
E. terricola On OA reaching 5–6 cm after 2 mo 0.8–1.0 30–40 × 2–3 μm ellipsoidal or ovoid, one or two oil droplets, 6–8 × 3.3–4 μm Van Beyma Thoe Kingma (1939)