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Table 1 Recognized Entomophthora species

From: The genus Entomophthora: bringing the insect destroyers into the twenty-first century

Species First description Type host2 Spore dispersal4 Presence in GenBank5 Deposited in ARSEF6 Altered behavior7
E. brevinucleata1 Keller and Wilding (1985) Sitodiplosis phalaridis (Gall midge) CT    X
E. byfordii Keller (2002) Bradysia sp. (Fungus gnat) CT X   X
E. chromadphidis Burger and Swain (1918) Chromaphidis juglandicola (Walnut aphid) CT X X  
E. culicis Braun (1855) Culex pipiens (House mosquito) CT X X X (Gol’berg 1979)
E. erupta Dustan (1924) Lygus communis (Tarnished plant bug) AHT    X
E. ferdinandii Keller (2002) Delia kullensis (Anthonymiid fly) CT X X X
E. grandis Keller (2002) Episyrpho balteato (Hoverfly) CT X   X
E. helvetica Ben-Ze’ev' et al. 1(985) Notostira elongata (Mirid) CT    X
E. israelensis Ben-Ze’ev and Zelig (1984) Gall midges CT    X
E. leyteensis (Villacarlos et al. 2003) Tetraleurodes acaciae (Whitefly) CT    X
E. muscae Cohn (1855) Musca domestica (House fly) CT X X X
E. philippinensis Villacarlos and Wilding (1994) Heteropsylla cubana (Jumping louse) CT    X
E. planchoniana Cornu (1873) Aphis sambuci3 (Elder aphid) CT X X  
E. rivularis Keller (2002) Plecoptera sp. (Stoneflies) CT    
E. scatophagae Giard (1888) Scatophaga stercoraria (Golden dung fly) CT X X X
E. schizophorae Keller (1987) Delia platura (Bean seed fly) CT X X X
E. simulii Keller (2002) Simulium lineato (Blackfly) CT    X
E. syrphi Giard (1888) Melanostoma mellinum (Hoverfly) CT X X X
E. thripidum Samson et al. (1979) Thrips tabaci (Onion thrips) AHT X X X
E. trinucleata Keller (1987) Sciaridae sp. (Dark-wing fungus gnat) CT    X
E. weberi Lakon (1939) Raphidia ophiopsis (Snakefly larvae) AHT    X
  1. Underlined species are members of the E. muscae species complex per Keller 1984 and Humber 1989. An alternative assessment of the E. muscae species complex includes these four species plus E. brevinucleata, E. israelensis, E. syrphi and E. trinucleata (Keller 1984; Humber 1989)
  2. 1This species has been reported as synonymous with E. israelensis (Humber 1989), but was given as a distinct species in Keller (2002)
  3. 2The most specific designation of type host is given, according to (Keller 2002)
  4. 3Presumed type host based on original description (Keller 2002)
  5. 4AHT = active host transmission; CT = cadaver transmission
  6. 5Presence in GenBank indicates that at least one sequence annotated with indicated species is present in GenBank (National Institute of Health sequence database, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/genbank/). Deposited sequences mostly consist of ITS and rRNA loci, with additional gene sequences available for E. muscae
  7. 6USDA Agricultural Research Service Collection of Entomopathogenic Fungal Cultures, https://www.ars.usda.gov/
  8. 7X indicates reported altered end-of-life behavior; blank indicates absence of evidence. As rigorous behavioral studies have not taken place in most species, we are inferring behavior modification from death position/stance or aberrant location of corpses (i.e., dead insects where they are not typically found if killed by other means). Absence of evidence for behavior modification does not preclude more subtle behavioral changes that are not conspicuous to the human eye. Reports of altered end-of-life behavior can be found in the first publication describing the species (“First description”), unless where otherwise noted