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Table 2 Morphology of Hirsutella species included in Fig. 1. Characters from Hodge (1998) unless specified.

From: Phylogeny of Hirsutella species (Ophiocordycipitaceae) from the USA: remedying the paucity of Hirsutella sequence data

   Conidioma form   Phialides   Conidia    
Species Clade Mononematous Synnematous Morphology Verruculose Morphology Mucous sheath Sclerotia Host
Hirsutella citriformis H. citriformis No Yes Ellipsoid base, tapering abruptly No Fusiform Yes No Leaf- & planthoppers
H. cryptosclerotium H. thompsonii Yes No Basally inflated, inflated apices, sometimes polyphialidic No Globose Yes Yes Pseudococcidae
H. fusiformis H. citriformis No Yes Ellipsoid base, tapering abruptly No Fusoid-Cylindric Yes No Crickets
H. gigantea H. citriformis No Yes Basally inflated No Ellipsoid Yes No Lepidoptera
H. guyana H. guyana Yes No Cylindric base, ortho- or phagiophialide, proximal restriction, sometimes polyphialidic Neck, sometimes Ellipsoid Yes No Leafhoppers
H. haptospora H. guyana Yes No Basally inflated No Fusiform Yes No Mites
H. illustris H. sinensis Yes No Tapering, elongated Neck Ellipsoid Yes No Lepidoptera, Aphids
H. kirchneri H. sinensis Yes In culture Basally inflated, occassionally polyphialidic Neck Fusiform Rare No Mites
H. lecaniicola H. sinensis Yes Yes Basally inflated; polyphialidic & irregular when synnematous No Ellipsoid When mononematous No Scale insect
H. liboensis 2 H. nodulosa No Yes Basally inflated, apical helix, often polyphialidic No Fusiform Yes No Cossidae
H. necatrix H. thompsonii Yes In culture Basally inflated, verticillate arrangement Neck, rarely Subglobose Occassional No Mites
H. nodulosa H. nodulosa Yes No Tapering, apical helix, rarely polyphialidic Yes Fusiform Yes No Mites, Lepidoptera
H. radiata H. citriformis No Yes Subulate No Ovoid Yes No Diptera
H. rhossiliensis H. sinensis Yes No Basally inflated No Ovoid Yes No Nematodes
H. satumaensis H. nodulosa No Yes Cylindric base No Fusiform Yes No Lepidoptera
H. sinensis 1 H. sinensis Yes No Subulate, in verticils of 2–4, rarely polyphialidic No Ellipsoid Yes No Caterpillar
H. stilbelliformis var. myrmicarum3 Ant pathogen Rarely Yes Subulate Neck Ovoid Yes No Myrmica
H. strigosa H. sinensis Yes Rarely Subulate, elongated, occasionally polyphialidic Neck Ellipsoid Yes No Leafhoppers
H. subramaniiani var. myrmicarum3 Ant pathogen Yes No Basally inflated Neck Obclavate Yes Yes Myrmica
H. subulata H. nodulosa In culture Yes Tapering, short No Ellipsoid Yes No Lepidoptera
H. thompsonii H. thompsonii Yes Some varieties Tapering, monosporic No Globose Occassional No Mites
   Conidioma form   Phialides   Conidia    
Species Clade Mononematous Synnematous Morphology Verruculose Morphology Mucous sheath Sclerotia Host
H. versicolor H. guyana Yes No Swollen, tapering abruptly, often polyphialidic No Ovoid Yes No Leafhoppers
O. myrmicaruim 4 Ant pathogen No Yes Subulate No Ovoid Yes No Myrmica
  1. 1Liu et al. (2001).
  2. 2Zou et al. (2010).
  3. 3Evans et al. (2010).
  4. 4Simmons et al. (2015). Ophiocordyceps myrmicarum is included, because it is only known from its asexual morph.