Skip to main content

Table 1 Recent classification schemes of Lactifluus rugatus and related species.

From: Peering into the Mediterranean black box: Lactifluus rugatus ectomycorrhizas on Cistus

Heilmann-Clausen et al. (1998) Basso (1999) Verbeken et al. (2011, 2012) De Crop et al. (2017)
Genus Lactarius Genus Lactarius Genus Lactifluus Genus Lactifluus
Subgenus Lactifuus Subgenus Lactifuus Subgenus Lactifuus Subgenus Lactifuus
Section Lactifuus Section Lactifuus Section Lactifuus Section Lactifuus
L. volemus L. volemus L. volemus L. volemus
(L. rugatus1) L. rugatus Section Tomentosi L. subvolemus 3
(L. luteolus 1) L. luteolus L. rugatus L. oedematopus 3
Subgenus Lactariopsis Section Albati Section Phlebonemi Section Piperati
Section Albati L. vellereus L. brunneoviolascens 2 L. piperatus
L. vellereus L. bertillonii Subgenus Lactariopsis L. glaucescens
L. bertillonii Subgenus Lactarius Section Albati Subgenus Pseudogymnocarpi
Subgenus Lactarius Section Lactarius L. vellereus Section Pseudogymnocarpi
L. piperatus L. piperatus L. bertillonii L. rugatus
L. glaucescens L. glaucescens Subgenus Piperati Subgenus Gymnocarpi
   Section Piperati Section Luteoli
   L. piperatus L. brunneoviolascens
   L. glaucescens Subgenus Lactariopsis
    Section Albati
    L. vellereus
    L. bertillonii
  1. 1 Neither L. rugatus nor L. luteolus (i.e. L. brunneoviolascens) were included in this treatment which concerned milkcaps from northern Europe.
  2. 2 Previously named Lactifluus luteolus, which is now known to be the correct name for a North American species (Verbeken et al. 2012, De Crop et al. 2017).
  3. 3 A recent study recognized three cryptic species within the morphospecies Lactifluus volemus; L. volemus, L. oedematopus, and L. subvolemus (Van de Putte et al. 2016).